Alimony in ukraine

alimony in ukrainealimony in ukraine

alimony in ukraine

Розлучення і аліменти за наявності неповнолітньої дитини

Порядок розлучення подружжя при наявності спільних неповнолітніх дітей регламентовано Сімейним кодексом.

Процедура розлучення відбувається в судовому порядку. Якщо подружжя прийшло до взаємної згоди подати спільну заяву на розлучення в суд, то до заяви додається:

  • договір про те, з ким із батьків будуть проживати діти після розлучення, яку участь у забезпеченні умов їхнього життя і вихованні братиме мати або батько, який проживає окремо;
  • договір про сплату і встановлення розміру аліментів.

Договори завіряються нотаріусом згідно ЗУ «Про нотаріат» №3425-XII від 02.09.1993.

Якщо складено позовну заяву про розлучення в суд одним з подружжя, і в ньому викладені вимоги з виплати аліментів, то в рамках шлюборозлучного процесу встановлюється:

  • сума аліментів на дитину;
  • терміни виплати аліментів;
  • порядок виплати;
  • положення цільового використання грошових коштів.

alimony in ukraine

Чи можливо подати на розлучення і аліменти одночасно?


У разі, якщо один з подружжя не виконує свої обов’язки по забезпеченню дитини, навіть перебуваючи в зареєстрованому шлюбі другий з подружжя має право на звернення до суду з вимогою про стягнення аліментів.

Аліменти на дитину — це обов’язок утримання у визначених законом випадках одним з батьків. Аліменти стягуються за домовленістю батька і матері, або примусово — за рішенням суду.

Стаття 27 Конвенції ООН про права дитини, а також ст. 8 ЗУ «Про охорону дитинства» гарантує дітям право на гідний (належний) рівень життя.

Пряма відповідальність за створення умов, в рівній мірі лежить на батьках, оскільки згідно з нормами сімейного законодавства, батько і мати мають рівні права та обов’язки по відношенню до дітей.

Таким чином, можна зробити висновок що розлучення без аліментів можливе. Позов про стягнення аліментів можна пред’явити до суду будучи в офіційному шлюбі або після розлучення.

alimony in ukraine

Як подати заяву на розлучення і аліменти, зразок?

У разі, якщо один з подружжя скористався правом подання позовної заяви про розлучення згідно ч. 1 ст. 110 Сімейного кодексу, і суд прийняв рішення про відкриття провадження у справі, другий з подружжя з яким проживають неповнолітні діти, має право подати зустрічний позов про стягнення аліментів.

При розгляді справи, а саме при визначенні розміру аліментів судом будуть враховані:

  • стан здоров’я та матеріальне становище дитини;
  • стан здоров’я та матеріальне становище платника аліментів;
  • наявність у платника аліментів інших дітей, непрацездатних чоловіка, дружини, батьків;
  • інші обставини, що мають істотне значення для справи.

alimony in ukraine

Які документи потрібні для стягнення аліментів після розлучення в суд?

Позов про стягнення аліментів може бути подано після винесення рішення суду про розлучення.

Позовна заява про стягнення аліментів на дитину може пред’являтися за місцем проживання позивача або відповідача згідно ст. 109-110 Цивільно-процесуального кодексу України.

  • При цьому, позов про стягнення аліментів на дитину має бути складений і поданий з дотриманням вимог статей 118-120 ЦПК.
  • При подачі позовної заяви з вимогою про стягнення аліментів, позивачу необхідно подати в суд довідку про доходи з місця роботи відповідача.
  • КОРИСНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ:

Теги сайту rastorzhenie-braka.com.ua: заява на розлучення Україна зразок, скільки коштує розлучення в суді, як подати заяву на розлучення Україна, заява на розлучення в Україні без згоди одного з подружжя, розлучення в Україні 2021 року, розлучення через РАЦС і суд Україна, розлучення в односторонньому порядку Україна, подати на розлучення онлайн в суд України.

Alimony in Kazakhstan: cаlculation of the size and procedure for collecting alimony | Electronic government of the Republic of Kazakhstan

alimony in ukraine

Depending on various life situations it may be necessary to pay or reclaim alimony. In this article you will learn what is alimony, who can and should pay child support, order of alimony reclamation, amount of support provided by the law and what to do if child support are not paid.

Alimony — is a monetary or material support, which one person is required to give another person entitled to receive it, according to the Code «On Marriage (matrimony) and family». The most common case of alimony — child support, alimony but may be paid to mothers and children, and spouses who cannot support themselves on their own, and to parents.

Child support – is enshrined in the law duty of parents, and it does not matter whether the parents are in marriage, civil marriage or are divorced.

Children who are under guardianship or patronage, as well as adopted children are also entitled to alimony.

According to the article 6 of the Code amounts owed to child maintenance, accrue to the parents or other legal representatives of the child and are spent for living expenses, education and upbringing of the child.

Who is entitled to alimony?

Alimony to under aged children

Parents must support their minor children, procedure and form of such support is determined by the parents themselves.

Parents have the right to conclude an agreement on the support of their minor children (alimony agreement) in accordance with chapter 20 of the Code.

If parents do not support their children, it was not stated in the court agreement or one of the parents didn’t claim for alimony, then the claim may be filed by a guardianship authority. Upon divorce, the court considers the agreement about:

If there is no  agreement between spouses or it contradicts to the interests of children, one of the spouses, the decision on these matters is determined by the court.

Parents deprived of parental rights, must also pay child support in accordance with the article 79 of the Code.

Alimony payments on the basis of agreement —  is a voluntary way of alimony payment, and by court order, on the basis of submitted claim — forced way (below you will find information on how to impose alimony).

Besides alimony parents can be subject to additional payments for child support. There are exceptional circumstances — severe diseases, injury or disability of minor children who are in need of assistance, if it’s necessary to pay nursing care for them and others.

Alimony to spouses and ex-spouses

According to the article 147 of the Code spouses must financially support each other. Besides means for child support there is also a range of cases when you may be demanded to support a spouse or ex- spouse. Iа there is no agreement, following persons may file a claim to the court:    

  • incapable needy spouse;
  • woman during pregnancy  and within 3 years since child’s date of birth;
  • needy spouse, who cares about common disabled child upon reaching him the age of 18 years and in case identification of I-II groups of disability when he/she is over 18 years old.

Amount of alimony and the order of payment is determined by the court.

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In some cases the court may refuse in payment of alimony to former spouse, if disability was caused by the abuse of alcohol, narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or as a result of committing an intentional crime, by virtue of the short marriage (up to 5 years) if the spouse requiring payment alimony behaves unworthily.

Alimony to major but incapable children

«Украина рискует замерзнуть зимой»

В 2021 году украинский транзит завершен. «Газпром» заявил, что выполнил контракт в полном объеме. Ранее компания сообщила об отсутствии так называемого зимнего запаса газа в украинских хранилищах.

Газовая тема обсуждается и в Брюсселе, где проходит саммит «Восточного партнерства». В рамках этого мероприятия президент Владимир Зеленский попросил помощи Германии в подготовке нового транзитного договора с Москвой.

Политический обозреватель “Ъ FM” Дмитрий Дризе обращает внимание на молчание канцлера Олафа Шольца в вопросе отношений с Россией.

«Газпром» отчитался о досрочном выполнении транзитного контракта с Украиной. К 15 декабря прокачали 40 млрд куб. м газа. Таким образом, все обязательства компании выполнены в полном объеме.

Что касается европейских потребителей, холдинг продолжает поставлять им топливо по различным маршрутам, включая украинский.

Чуть раньше «Газпром» выпустил другое сообщение о том, что Украина отобрала из своих хранилищ практически весь зимний запас газа. В Европе откачали уже 1/3.

Естественно, обозначенные факты не имеют никакого отношения к политике. Это лишь констатация события. Однако нетрудно прийти к выводу, что соседняя страна всерьез рискует замерзнуть зимой.

Холода еще толком и не наступили, а топить почти уже и нечем. И даже просто взять и откачать тоже весьма проблематично, поскольку транзит завершается. 2021 год можно смело назвать годом природного газа. Последний рекордно подорожал в Европе, и вопрос этот прочно перешел в политическую плоскость.

А сейчас, когда украинская тема является по сути главной на переговорах России с западными партнерами, такой аргумент, как запас на зиму, хочешь не хочешь, а становится дополнительным козырем.

Тем временем в Брюсселе проходит саммит «Восточного партнерства». Мероприятие, скажем так, для России не очень приятное. Владимир Зеленский между тем встретился с французским коллегой Эмманюэлем Макроном и новым канцлером ФРГ Олафом Шольцем. Стороны сделали важное заявление: «нормандский формат» жив. При этом Москву призвали к конструктивной работе.

В ходе же личного общения с канцлером Шольцем украинский лидер просил поддержки Германии в вопросе сохранения российского транзита газа по территории Украины после 2024 года. Именно тогда заканчивается договор с «Газпромом».

А в России сейчас активно обсуждается участие США в украинском урегулировании. Может показаться, что «нормандский формат» кажется здесь лишним. Как мы видим, у Киева есть серьезные проблемы с энергетикой. С этим нужно что-то делать. Кто-то должен объяснить, что конструктивная работа должна вестись и с украинской стороны.

Ваш выход, господин Шольц, — скажите свое веское слово по теме Украины, России, санкций, войны, «Северного потока-2» и иных актуальных вопросов, коих накопилось в последнее время немало.

Протокольные заявления — это, конечно, хорошо, но хотелось бы чуть больше конкретики. Но в ответ пока тишина. Анналена Бербок — новый глава МИД ФРГ — пока в одиночестве ведет дела, этого явно недостаточно.

Действительно, тема Украины без Германии выглядит как-то неестественно. Может быть, хоть дефицит газа даст повод для большей активности.

The recovery of alimony for the maintenance of minor children in Kazakhstan: problems of enforcement of judicial acts

The article deals with the problems related to non-performance of executive documents on recovery of alimony for the maintenance of minor children and legal measures of compulsory execution applied  by bailiffs for recovering alimony.

The author carried out a comparative and legal analysis of laws regulating the maintenance obligations of parents in Kazakhstan and foreign countries and the review of foreign experience on recovering alimony aimed at improving the legal mechanism on the effect on maintenance non-payers in Kazakhstan is given. As a result of the study, the author found out the reasons for the non-enforcement of judicial acts on alimony recovery for the maintenance of minor children in Kazakhstan. The effective legal measures on improving the mechanism for the recovery of alimony in order to protect the child's right to get maintenance from his parents were proposed as well. 

After the court decision enters into legal force within three working days or the return of the case from the higher court, the trial jurisdiction writes out the writ of execution and, on its own initiative, sends the executive document for execution to the competent justice agency on territoriality no later than the next working day from the date of its extract (Article 241 of the Civil Procedure Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan). Also, if the debtor doesn’t plead at fixed time, the judge issues to the recoverer a sealed court order to be presented to the competent justice agency at the debtor’s place of residence (Article 143 of the Civil Procedure Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan).

  • The procedure for the recovery of alimony is regulated by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan «On Enforcement Proceedings and the Status of Court Bailiffs in the Republic of Kazakhstan» of April 2, 2010 № 261-IV as well as by the Order of the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan «On approval of the list of types of wages and (or) other income from which the alimony for the maintenance of minor children is withheld» of December 24, 2014 № 372.
  • In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan «On Enforcement Proceedings and the Status of Court Bailiffs in the Republic of Kazakhstan», the recovery of alimony is classified as «socially significant» (paragraph 9-1 of Article 1) because children, mothers, disabled parents and spouses need financial support.
  • The executive documents issued on the basis of decisions on the recovery of alimony «are in force all the time for which payments are made» (Part 3 of Article 11).

Today the relevance of the research work is of great importance in society, since, according to official data, more than 350,000 children in Kazakhstan need child support. Debts on alimony are 1.8 billion tenge. For last three years, more than 13000 debtors were denied the right to leave the country and drive automobiles. 25000 people are persistent non-payers of alimony [1].

In Kazakhstan, for the last five years, an extensive state policy has been implemented to protect the rights of children who need financial support from their parents.

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The Departments for the implementation of judicial acts carried out various activities in each region aimed at the effective recovery of alimony: the actions are aimed at persuading non-payers to manifest in them a sense of conscience to pay their debts.

The General Prosecutor Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan has created an Internet service «They are being sought by children», where there are names and faces of people who evade paying the maintenance of their children.

The Committee for the Enforcement of Judicial Acts created the Single Register of Debtors, i.e. information about debtors is posted on the official Internet resource of the Ministry of Justice.

In accordance with Article 34 of the Law «On Enforcement Proceedings and the Status of Court Bailiffs in the Republic of Kazakhstan», if a debtor fails to perform the enforcement document on recovery of alimony without a clear reason, then the bailiff, in case of debt, directs to the court the idea of a temporary prohibition to grant licenses, permits and special rights to the debtor, as well as the suspension of the granted licenses, permits and special rights given earlier to the debtor. For example, the validity of driver's licenses of debtors is suspended.

  1. According to Article 33 of the Law, the bailiff decides on a temporary restriction on debtor’s departure from the country for failure to perform the enforcement documents on the recovery of periodic payments more than three months.
  2. Despite taken organizational measures, the improvement of the work of state bailiffs and the introduction of private enforcement’s institution and the problem of non-receipt of alimony remains very urgent and requires constant attention.
  3. The General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan said: «There are three categories of alimony non-payers».

The first category consists of people those who want to pay alimony, but can not. They are so-called «honest» debtors. They do not pay for objective reasons: they can not find a job.

The second category consists of people who can pay alimony, but they don’t want to do it. They reduce incomes and do the falsification of documents.

The third category of people evading the payment of alimony consists of those people who do not want and can not pay. They are so-called «bad» debtors. As a rule, they keep an immoral way of life. They are drug addicts, alcoholics, homeless people [2].

The main problem of non-enforcement of judicial acts on the recovery of alimony is a lack of debtor’s property including money, securities or income, which can be levied, and all measures provided by the judicial executor to identify his property or income are unsuccessful.

Debtors make their property to other people and as a result, the court bailiffs have nothing to recover from them. Having got the court's decision on the enforcement of maintenance obligations, the debtor refuses to support the child, arguing it with his difficult financial situation, illness or having children in his next marriage.

In such cases, according to Part 3 of Article 169 of the Code «On Marriage and Family», if the person, obliged to pay maintenance for the period during which the recovery of alimony was not performed, did not work or didn’t present documents confirming his earnings and other income, then the maintenance debt is determined on the basis of the average monthly wage in the Republic of Kazakhstan at the time of debt recovery.

If there are the maintenance arrears as a result of debtor’s evasion from his payment, then a penalty is charged for the amount of debts in accordance with Article 353 of the Civil Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

According to Article 171 of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan «On marriage and family», a debtor is obliged to pay a penalty to the recipient of alimony in the amount of one tenth of a percent of unpaid maintenance for each day of delay under a court decision.

According to the information of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 213 000 court decisions on recovery of alimony are on execution of judicial executors in 2016.

«Approximately 50 000 executive documents on recovery of alimony are paid by the debtors themselves, nearly 40 000 executive documents or 20% are problematic as the debt isn’t paid for more than three months and more than 14 000 of alimony are not paid at all» [3].

An effective mechanism for affecting on alimony non-payers was the strengthening of the liability of debtors on maintenance payments.

In order to improve the mechanism for recovering alimony, the Law of  the Republic of Kazakhstan «On introducing amendments and additions to certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on improving enforcement proceedings», of January 15, 2014, was adopted.

Article 136 of the Criminal Code (currently inoperative) excluded the subjective concept «malignance» of committed acts for failure to fulfill obligations in paying for the maintenance of children or disabled parents and the sanction was amended, i. e. imprisonment for up to two years was issued.

Also, the sanction of Article 524 of the Code on administrative violations (which has now become invalid) was upgraded, which provided a penalty for individuals in the amount of ten to twenty monthly calculation indices, or administrative arrest from five to ten days for non-compliance with the requirements of judicial acts.

The current Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 3, 2014, in article 139 allows the bailiffs to bring a debtor to criminal liability by restricting freedom for up to two years or by imprisonment for the same term for alimony non-payment for more than three months.

This measure is quite effective. 61 alimony non-payers were convicted in 2015. Due to measures taken, the number of documents for which alimony is not paid at all, was reduced from 15 thousand to 3.5 thousand [4]. 

For failure to comply with a court decision, the Code on administrative violations provides for liability in the form of a fine for individuals in the amount of ten monthly calculated indices or administrative arrest up to five days (Article 669).

Only in Almaty city in 2016, 96 debtors were brought to an administrative responsibility and more than 20 people were subjected to an administrative arrest [5].

In Astana city in 2016, 288 debtors on child support were brought to administrative responsibility, 214 debtors were fined and 72 debtors were brought to responsibility by administrative arrest up to five days [6].

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The Truth About Ukrainian Men

Let’s face it: everyone has heard about the women of Ukraine. But, while it seems that the whole world loves talking about Ukrainian women, there is significantly less info out there on their male counterparts.

Unfortunately, in today’s day and age, the online dating community seems to portray Ukrainian men in a negative fashion that is generally unwarranted. In light of this, we’re going to flip the script up a little bit.

Today we’re talking all about Ukrainian men.

Why The Bad Reputation?

In the online dating space, there’s an overarching sentiment that there is something wrong with Ukrainian men.

From negative stereotypes to outright lies, it is as if their women must be “rescued” by thirsty men from the West.

Aside from my own personal love of living in Ukraine, it’s obvious there’s a huge amount of exaggeration, and even some outright lies in sentiments such as these. Some have gone as far as to make sweeping generalizations. They say that Ukrainian men are alcoholics, that they are poor, or even that they are abusive.

As someone who loves Ukrainian women and is friends with plenty of Ukrainian men, I hate reading this stuff. It’s clear that people with these attitudes have taken little time to really understand the situation in Ukraine.

Unfortunately, there is typically a bit of truth in every stereotype that exists.

The first one has to do with alcohol consumption.

Higher Than Average Mortality Rate

One thing that we know for sure is that women generally outnumber men in Ukraine. For a Western man looking to date in the country, this is the first big advantage he will see. It’s not uncommon for two women to desire a relationship with the same man of higher value.

It’s a nice change of pace from things in the West.

But, that’s where the lightheartedness ends.

We have to consider why exactly this is. Sadly, it has much to do with alcohol consumption creating a much higher than normal mortality rate for men under the age of 35.

Ukraine has the world’s second-highest death rate, mostly related to drinking, smoking and physical activity. The stereotype about Ukrainians being a group that drinks heavily is certainly true.

The average person consumes 13 cubic liters of alcohol each year. Vodka is the national beverage. Alcoholism is rampant among older men. It’s sad, but true, and it’s left a bad taste in the mouths of many Ukrainian women.

Beyond boozing alone, men in Eastern Europe tend to be at more risk for serious injury and early death than almost any other population on earth.

It’s not easy for a country to have the world’s second-highest death rate, especially one that is relatively peaceful such as. Ukraine. To understand why this is, you have to take a look at youth culture among young Ukrainian guys.

Have you ever seen those crazy “Russian daredevil” videos, where some 20-year-old kid from Eastern Europe is seen hanging from the ledge of a 50 story building?

No? Okay, here you go. Watch this video.

How to file for alimony in Ukraine

Often during the divorce of spouses, not onlyproperty issues, but also problems related to the future maintenance of underage children. Sometimes one of the parents (mother or father) voluntarily does not fulfill their obligations to the children in the part of paying alimony. And then there is a need for their enforcement. The following is an instruction on how to do it correctly.

  • Statement of claim, marriage certificate, court decision on divorce, child's birth certificate, passport, court decision on recovery of alimony, writ of execution, bank account.

1

Determine the amount of alimony that you wantto exact. They are paid in a firm amount, as well as in a percentage of wages and other, equivalent to her, income of the second parent.

In accordance with the Family Code of Ukraine, the minimum amount of alimony can not be less than 30% of the subsistence minimum established by law for children of a certain age.

However, in the end the amount of alimony to be paid will still be determined by a court decision.

2

Prepare in 3 copies of the statement of claimrecovery of alimony. In it, describe the circumstances that confirm the evasion of the debtor from paying alimony.

In the pleading part of the claim, indicate the monthly amount of alimony that you want to collect in favor of the child.

Attach to the statement of claim copies of the passport, marriage certificates, court decisions on divorce, birth certificates of the child. For filing a claim for recovery of alimony, a court fee is not paid.

3

Submit 2 copies of the statement of claim withapplications to the court at their place of residence. On the third copy, put a note on the acceptance of the claim in the office of the court.

Participate in court hearings. If you can not personally attend the court, appoint your representative by giving him a notarial power of attorney.

A lawyer can represent interests on the basis of a contract for the provision of legal assistance.

4

If the court so decides, wait for itcoming into force. This will happen after the expiration of the term for appeal of the judgment, or after the end of the appeal process. After that, get a writ of execution in court.

5

Contact the department of state executiveservice of Ukraine at the place of residence of the debtor with a statement on compulsory execution of the court decision on recovery of alimony. In it, specify the bank account to which you must transfer the recovered amount.

Attach to the application the original of the writ of execution. It will be sent to the place of receipt by the debtor of income for the periodic retention of the amounts determined by the court.

During execution of the court decision, keep in constant touch with the state executor and in case of problems try to provide him with all possible assistance.

Ссылка на основную публикацию