Establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

In the modern world, couples are in no hurry to go to the registry office and often live in a civil marriage for many years. To protect their rights, the law allows recognizing the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage. Let us dwell in more detail on how to do this and what the consequences may be.

According to the Family Code of Ukraine, a family consists of persons who live together, have a common way of life, common rights and obligations.

In fact, persons living without marriage registration are still a family and receive a number of mutual rights and obligations, including the right to maintenance, the right to inherit and others.

At the same time, living in a civil marriage is not the basis for the emergence of rights and obligations inherent specifically to spouses.

It is possible to establish the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage only through a court in a special procedure, or in a suit.

In the application (for a separate production), it is necessary to indicate why it is necessary to establish this fact, and how it is confirmed. The main condition for establishing the fact that one family lives in a separate proceeding is the absence of a dispute.

If the court sees the existence of a dispute, then the applicant will have to file a statement of claim against the common-law husband.

As a rule, in most cases, the fact of living in one family without marriage registration is established for the purpose of dividing property in a civil marriage, inheritance or receiving a survivor’s pension. However, this fact can be established for any other legitimate purpose.

In the law firm Skryabina D.S. the following cost of services related to establishing the fact of living with one family without registering a marriage:

  • drawing up and filing a statement of claim in court – from UAH 500;
  • participation in 1 court session (with or without the applicant) – UAH 500;
  • petitions, lawyer inquiries – UAH 200;
  • conducting a case on establishing the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage on a turnkey basis – 3500 UAH.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Division of property acquired in a civil marriage in Ukraine

All property that was acquired by a man and a woman in a civil marriage, provided that they lived as one family, is their common joint property. Such property can be divided by voluntary agreement of the parties, or by filing a claim with the court.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Family lawyer in Ukraine

Our lawyers are often asked the question: How to establish the fact of living in one family with the testator? How to draw up a statement on the establishment of the fact of residence? What are the grounds for refusing to satisfy an application for establishing the fact of living as one family?

On our website you will find all the answers to your questions in the field of family law in Ukraine.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

The right to inheritance in a civil marriage in Ukraine

In order to accept the inheritance of a deceased common-law husband, it is necessary to live with him as one family for at least five years prior to death. In this case, the common-law spouses become heirs of the fourth order.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Evidence of spouses living together in Ukraine

In this case, it is necessary to go to court and prove the fact of living together, maintaining a common life, family budget, etc. The evidence can be very diverse.

For example, general photographs, acts of examination of an apartment indicating the fact that both parties live there, registration at the same address, joint bank accounts and any other data confirming the fact of living together in a civil marriage.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

The rights of children in a civil marriage in Ukraine

If the child’s parents live in a civil marriage, this does not in any way affect the rights of such a child and does not limit him in any way in comparison with the situation when the marriage between the parents is registered.

If another person is indicated as the father of the child in the birth certificate, or the father is not indicated at all, then the fact of living in a civil marriage with the mother does not give the man any parental rights or responsibilities.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Marriage between people of the same sex in Ukraine

The law clearly states that only a man and a woman can be considered spouses. Cohabitation of persons of the same sex can be recognized as living as one family, but only in terms of those rights and obligations that do not relate to married life.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Family lawyer when deciding cases on establishing the fact of living as one family without registration of marriage in Ukraine

In resolving a case on establishing the fact of li ving with one family without registering a marriage, the most optimal is to contact a family lawyer who will help you quickly and efficiently resolve the case in your favor.

Our lawyers specialize in solving family law cases, so they know the subtleties and nuances that will help speed up the process.

The advantages of going to family law lawyers are:

  • the promptness of resolving a case on establishing the fact of living with one family without registering a marriage;
  • quick preparation of documents for their submission to the court;
  • saving material and time resources in solving the case;
  • the ability to resolve issues online.

The best way to save time and money when establishing the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage is to seek the advice of a good family lawyer!

Please contact our family lawyers if a positive result is important for you when establishing the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage.

If you do not know how best to act when establishing the fact of living as one family without registering a marriage – call our family lawyers and they will help you understand the situation!

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

Frequently asked questions to a lawyer in Ukraine

A guide to opening an LLC in Russia

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

A guide to opening an LLC in Russia

Before focusing on the ways for foreign founders to establish a legal presence in Russia, it would be helpful to say a few words about common forms of local business structures for non-resident investors.

This form of business does not require opening a company in Russia. Distributorship contract is an economically feasible options for foreign small businesses. At an early stage, when there are no regular employees and no reliable distribution channels, a foreign legal entity (FLE) may allow the Russian companies to sell the FLEs’ goods in Russia.

Cooperation between the manufacturer and the official distributor may take several forms. A FLE may grant a Russian distributor exclusive rights to import goods and sell them in Russia.

A FLE may choose several distributors for various groups of goods or impose territorial restrictions requiring the customers to purchase products only from a certain distributor.

Most commonly a distributor grants smaller dealers the rights to work with clients and focuses on product promotion and partner network expansion.

establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

  • Representative office or branch. A branch and representative office (RO) of a FLE are stand-alone subsidiaries governed by a parent company and performing all or some of its functions.

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    In practice, branches and representative offices are the most common forms of business for medium and large FLEs. They may open and close accounts in the Russian and foreign banks, make transactions and sign contracts.

    Branches and representative offices are managed by an appointed head/director.

  • FLEs’ branches or representative offices registered in Russia pay taxes in line with the Russian tax legislation and international agreements.

    Double taxation treaties between Russia and FLE's countries of origin are meant to prevent double taxation.

    To work in Russia, branches and representative offices are subject to accreditation, which takes about thirty days and requires a 120,000 roubles fee.

    establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

  • Joint venture. There is no such thing as a joint venture (JV) in Russian law. Essentially, it is an unofficial name for an organization established by local and foreign businessmen in Russia. JV is registered as an ordinary company, a joint stock company (JSC) or a limited liability company (LLC).

  • To form a joint venture a foreign investor may establish a new company or buy a stake in an existing Russian-owned enterprise by acquiring a participatory interest in the company’s charter capital or by becoming a participant through an increase in the charter capital.

    The advantages of this type of business in Russia include the ability to tap several markets and strong economic growth. What is more, the Russian partners are fully aware of the market climate, well versed in legal matters and have the required expertise and contacts.

    The most popular forms of company registration in Russia are joint stock companies and limited liability companies. Such legal entities operate under their own charter and in line with the Russian laws.

    The incorporation procedures for a JSC and an LLC are very similar, the difference is that after JSC incorporation, it is necessary to additionally register the shares issue and delegated the powers of keeping the register of shareholders to a professional registrar.

    The liability of the participants for the company’s debts is limited to the payment of their shares in the charter capital. LLC may opt for a simplified tax system (STS), a preferential tax regime offered by the state, which is beneficial to small and medium businesses.

    This article will focus on registration of an LLC with non-resident founders, as the most familiar and easy-to-use business form for foreigner investors.

    Before going into details, it is necessary to outline the existing terms for establishing an LLC with foreign participation in Russia.

    establishment of the fact of marriage registered in crimea

  • Is it possible to open an LLC with foreign participants (foreign national or a FLE) in Russia? Under par. 4 of art. 66 of the Russian Civil Code the participants in the economic companies and the investors in the limited (commandite) partnerships may be the citizens and the legal entities.

    The law may prohibit or restrict the participation of the individual categories of citizens in the economic partnerships and companies, with the exception of the public joint-stock companies. The similar rule is set out in par. 1 of art. 7 of the Federal law “On Limited Liability Companies” (On LLC) dated 08.02.

    1998 N14-FZ.

  • Registration of LLC with foreign participation +7(495) 589-05-39 and

    On the basis of par. 7 of art. 11 of the Law N 14-FZ registration procedure for LLC with foreign participation is determined by the federal law.


    Peninsula in the Black Sea
    For other uses, see Crimea (disambiguation).

    Crimean PeninsulaMay 2015 satellite image of the Crimean PeninsulaGeographyLocationEastern EuropeCoordinates45°18′N 34°24′E / 45.3°N 34.4°E / 45.3; 34.4Coordinates: 45°18′N 34°24′E / 45.3°N 34.4°E / 45.3; 34.4Adjacent bodies of waterBlack SeaSea of AzovArea27,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi)Highest elevation1,545 m (5069 ft)Highest pointRoman-KoshStatusControlled and governed as part of the Russian Federation (except Ukrainian-controlled part of Arabat Spit), though internationally recognised as part of UkraineUkraine (de jure)RegionsKherson Oblast (northern part of Arabat Spit, Henichesk Raion)Uncontrolled regionsAutonomous Republic of CrimeaSevastopolLargest settlementSevastopolRussia (de facto)Federal districtSouthern Federal DistrictFederal subjectsRepublic of CrimeaSevastopolLargest settlementSevastopolDemographicsDemonymCrimeanPopulation 2,416,856[1] (2021)Pop. density84.6/km2 (219.1/sq mi)Ethnic groups65.3% Russians (1.492 mln)15.1% Ukrainians (344.5 thousand)10.8% Crimean Tatars (246.1 thousand)0.9% Belarusians (21.7 thousand)0.5% Armenians (11 thousand)7.4% Others (169.1 thousand), including:Pontic GreeksKrymchaksCrimean KaraitesAshkenazi JewsCrimea GermansItalians of Crimea
    Map of the Crimean Peninsula
    The Flag of Crimea republic (de jure Autonomous Republic of Crimea or de facto Republic of Crimea, depending on jurisdiction) used under Russia and Ukraine

    Crimea[a] is a peninsula along the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe. It has a population of 2.4 million,[1] made up mostly of ethnic Russians with significant Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar minorities.[2] The peninsula is almost entirely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov; it is located south of Kherson Oblast in Ukraine, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of Krasnodar Krai in Russia, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge since 2018. The Arabat Spit is located to its northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Across the Black Sea to the west lies Romania and to the south is Turkey.

    Crimea (or the Tauric Peninsula, as it was called from antiquity until the early modern period) has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic–Caspian steppe.

    Its southern fringe was colonised by the Greeks and then ruled by the Persians followed by the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and finally successor states including the Empire of Trebizond and Principality of Theodoro. During the entirety of this period the urban areas were Greek-speaking and eventually eastern Christian (Eastern Orthodox).

    During the collapse of the Byzantine state some cities fell to its creditor, the Republic of Genoa, until eventually all were absorbed by the rapidly rising Ottoman Empire.

    Throughout this time the interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads and empires, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Crimean Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, Mongols, and the Golden Horde. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate, a sometime dependency of the Ottomans, during the 15th to 18th century, and often raided south Russia for slaves.

    In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became an autonomous republic within the Russian SFSR in the Soviet Union.

    During World War II, Crimea was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast and the entirety of one of its indigenous populations, the Crimean Tatars, were deported to Central Asia, an act recognized as a genocide by Ukraine and three other countries.

    In 1954, the Soviet Union transferred Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR.

    [5] With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine was reestablished as an independent state in 1991, and most of the peninsula was reorganized as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and the city of Sevastopol retained its special status within Ukraine.

    The 1997 Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet partitioned the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet and allowed Russia to continue basing its fleet in Crimea: both the Ukrainian Naval Forces and Russia's Black Sea Fleet were to be headquartered in Sevastopol. Ukraine extended Russia's lease of the naval facilities under the 2010 Kharkiv Pact in exchange for further discounted natural gas.

    The status of Crimea is disputed. It is claimed by Ukraine and in 2014 was recognized as Ukrainian by the United Nations[6] and most other countries, but it is governed by Russia.

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    In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that ousted the Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, Russia annexed Crimea after a military intervention by pro-Russian separatists and Russian Armed Forces.

    [7] A controversial Crimea-wide referendum, illegal under the Ukrainian and Crimean constitutions,[8][9][10] was held on the issue of reunification with Russia; its official results showed over 90% support for reunification; however, the vote was boycotted by many loyal to Ukraine[11][12] and declared illegitimate by Western governments and the United Nations. Russia formally annexed Crimea on 18 March 2014, incorporating the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol as the 84th and 85th federal subjects of Russia.[13]


    The classical name for Crimea, Tauris or Taurica, is from the Greek Ταυρική (Taurikḗ), after the peninsula's Scytho-Cimmerian inhabitants, the Tauri.

    Strabo (Geography vii 4.3, xi. 2.5), Polybius, (Histories 4.39.4), and Ptolemy (Geographia. II, v 9.

    5) refer variously to the Strait of Kerch as the Κιμμερικὸς Βόσπορος (Kimmerikos Bosporos, romanized spelling, Bosporus Cimmerius), its easternmost part as the Κιμμέριον Ἄκρον (Kimmerion Akron, Roman name: Promontorium Cimmerium,[14] as well as to the city of Cimmerium and whence the name of the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου).

    The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym, now called Staryi Krym,[15] which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde.

    Between 1315 and 1329 CE, the Arab writer Abū al-Fidā recounted a political fight in 1300–1301 CE which resulted in a rival's decapitation and his head being sent «to the Crimea»,[16] apparently in reference to the peninsula,[17] although some sources hold that the name of the capital was extended to the entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty (1441–1783).[18]

    The origin of the word Qırım is uncertain. Suggestions argued in various sources include:

    1. a corruption of Cimmerium (Greek, Kimmerikon, Κιμμερικόν).[19][20][21]
    2. a derivation from the Turkic term qirum («fosse, trench»), from qori- («to fence, protect»).[22][23][24]

    Russia: number of marriages by age and gender 2020

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    Russian Federal State Statistics Service. (July 9, 2021). Number of marriages registered in Russia in 2020, by groom's and bride's age [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 22, 2021, from

    Russian Federal State Statistics Service. «Number of marriages registered in Russia in 2020, by groom's and bride's age.» Chart. July 9, 2021. Statista. Accessed December 22, 2021.

    Russian Federal State Statistics Service. (2021). Number of marriages registered in Russia in 2020, by groom's and bride's age. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: December 22, 2021.

    Russian Federal State Statistics Service. «Number of Marriages Registered in Russia in 2020, by Groom's and Bride's Age.» Statista, Statista Inc., 9 Jul 2021,

    Russian Federal State Statistics Service, Number of marriages registered in Russia in 2020, by groom's and bride's age Statista, (last visited December 22, 2021)

    Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale was a trailblazing figure in nursing who greatly affected 19th- and 20th-century policies around proper medical care. She was known for her night rounds to aid the wounded, establishing her image as the 'Lady with the Lamp.'

    Part of a wealthy family, Florence Nightingale defied the expectations of the time and pursued what she saw as her God-given calling of nursing.

    During the Crimean War, she and a team of nurses improved the unsanitary conditions at a British base hospital, greatly reducing the death count. Her writings sparked worldwide health care reform, and in 1860 she established St.

    Thomas' Hospital and the Nightingale Training School for Nurses. A revered hero of her time, she died on August 13, 1910, in London.

    Nightingale was born on May 12, 1820, in Florence, Italy, the city which inspired her name. The younger of two daughters, Nightingale was part of an affluent British clan that belonged to elite social circles.

    Her mother, Frances Nightingale, hailed from a family of merchants and took pride in socializing with people of prominent standing. Despite her mother's interests, Nightingale herself was reportedly awkward in social situations and preferred to avoid being the center of attention whenever possible.

    Strong-willed, she often butted heads with her mother, whom she viewed as overly controlling.

    Nightingale's father was William Edward Nightingale (having changed his original surname, «Shore»), a wealthy landowner who would be associated with two estates—one at Lea Hurst, Derbyshire, and the other at Embly, Hampshire. Nightingale was provided with a classical education, including studies in mathematics along with German, French and Italian.

    From a young age, Nightingale was active in philanthropy, ministering to the ill and poor people in the village neighboring her family’s estate. Nightingale eventually came to the conclusion that nursing was her calling; she believed the vocation to be her divine purpose.

    When Nightingale approached her parents and told them about her ambitions to become a nurse, they were not pleased and forbade her to pursue appropriate training.

    During the Victorian Era, where English women had almost no property rights, a young lady of Nightingale's social stature was expected to marry a man of means to ensure her class standing—not take up a job that was viewed by the upper social classes as lowly menial labor. 

    In 1849, Nightingale refused a marriage proposal from a «suitable» gentleman, Richard Monckton Milnes, who had pursued her for years.

    She explained her reason for turning him down, saying that while he stimulated her intellectually and romantically, her «moral…active nature» called for something beyond a domestic life. (One biographer has suggested that the rejection of marriage to Milnes was not in fact an outright refusal.

    ) Determined to pursue her true calling despite her parents' objections, Nightingale eventually enrolled as a nursing student in 1850 at the Institution of Protestant Deaconesses in Kaiserswerth, Germany.

    In the early 1850s, Nightingale returned to London, where she took a nursing job in a Harley Street hospital for ailing governesses. Her performance there so impressed her employer that Nightingale was promoted to superintendent.

    Nightingale also volunteered at the Middlesex Hospital around this time, grappling with a cholera outbreak and unsanitary conditions conducive to the rapid spread of the disease.

    Nightingale made it her mission to improve hygiene practices, significantly lowering the death rate at the hospital in the process.

    In October 1853, the Crimean War broke out. Allied British and French forces were at war against the Russian Empire for control of Ottoman territory. Thousands of British soldiers were sent to the Black Sea, where supplies quickly dwindled. By 1854, no fewer than 18,000 soldiers had been admitted into military hospitals.

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    At the time, there were no female nurses stationed at hospitals in the Crimea. After the Battle of Alma, England was in an uproar about the neglect of their ill and injured soldiers, who not only lacked sufficient medical attention due to hospitals being horribly understaffed but also languished in appallingly unsanitary conditions.

    In late 1854, Nightingale received a letter from Secretary of War Sidney Herbert, asking her to organize a corps of nurses to tend to the sick and fallen soldiers in the Crimea. Given full control of the operation, she quickly assembled a team of almost three dozen nurses from a variety of religious orders and sailed with them to the Crimea just a few days later.

    The Facts About Crimea Should Be Recognised. And So Should Crimea

    © Photo: REUTERS/Shamil Zhumatov

    Although the redoubtable New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared that the Covid-19 virus “has been ahead of us from Day One. We’ve underestimated the enemy, and that is always dangerous, my friends. We should not do that again” it is too much to expect of most political figures that they should ever admit they were wrong about something. President Trump, for example, flatly refuses to acknowledge that in January 2020 he declared that “we have [the virus outbreak] totally under control”, and there are countless similar instances of denial of realities by other leaders, not only about the pandemic, but about very many facets of international affairs. This reluctance extends to the media, although sometimes, it has to be said, some of the media are forced to recognise facts that to them are unpalatable, and to adjust their position accordingly.

    One recent instance of non-adjustment, however, is the Western media’s continuing public relations and propaganda campaign against Russia.

    On 9 April Al Jazeera carried a report that “A U.S.-Russian space crew blasted off Thursday to the International Space Station following tight quarantine amid the coronavirus pandemic.

    NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner lifted off as scheduled from the Russian-operated Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.” There was an excellent 400-word piece about the mission, just as one would expect from Al Jazeera.

    On the other hand, the New York Times, as ascertained from a search of its website on 10 April, didn’t mention the mission at all. The Washington Post carried a twelve-word item that read in its entirety “By Associated Press April 9, 2020 — A U.S.-Russian space crew has blasted off to the International Space Station.” End.

    The reason for reluctance on the part of the U.S. mainstream media to inform the world about such an important international event is that Russia played the major part in a successful space mission with the United States.

    Imagine the news cover if the spacecraft hadn’t been a Russian Soyuz, but a U.S.-produced SpaceX (still under vastly expensive development) launched from the Kennedy Space Centre.

    There would have been front-page headlines with “Keep America Great” exhortations from the space commander in Washington.

    And so the propaganda of the third Cold War continues, involving all sorts of important international affairs, not least being Crimea which (whisper this) is doing very nicely, thank you, having been restored to Mother Russia.

    It must be acknowledged, however, that the Washington Post marked the sixth anniversary of the restoration with a piece on 18 March that (albeit reluctantly) recognised Crimea’s accession to Russia.

    It noted, among other things, that “in Crimea itself, the annexation was popular, especially among Crimea’s large population of older ethnic Russians. More than five years later, and billions of roubles of investment later, it remains popular.

    ” It is mandatory in the West to use the word “annexation” when referring to the accession of Crimea to Russia following a popular referendum, but even the Post can’t escape the facts, which are so distasteful to the propagandists.

    In 1783 Crimea became part of Russia and remained so until, as recorded by the BBC, “In 1954 Crimea was handed to Ukraine as a gift by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev who was himself half-Ukrainian.

    ” The majority of citizens wanted to rejoin Russia rather than stay with crippled post-revolution Ukraine which would have victimized them because of their Russian heritage.

    One of its first actions “was to repeal a 2012 law recognising Russian as an official regional language” and governance from Kiev boded badly for minorities.

    It was rarely stated that 90 percent of the inhabitants of Crimea are Russian-speaking, Russian-cultured and Russian-educated, and they voted to “dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another” (in the words of the Declaration of Independence of 1776) in order to rejoin Russia.

    It would be strange if they had not wanted to accede to a country that not only welcomed their kinship, empathy and loyalty but was economically benevolent concerning their future, as has now been amply demonstrated by ensuing growth and prosperity.

    As even the Washington Post had to acknowledge, “Crimea’s three largest ethnic groups are, by and in large, happy with the direction of events on the peninsula.”

    At the time that these ethnic groups were voting to rejoin their mother country, five years ago, the West, and most notably the administration in Washington, decided to oppose any such move.

    It didn’t matter that it was a fair and free vote, because there are ways to defeat common sense and national aspirations while creating the impression that it is wrong for people to express their feelings and wishes if these favour a nation that is anathema to those who make the rules.

    For example, the government in Crimea invited observers from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to witness and assess the conduct of the referendum held to determine whether the people of Crimea wished to remain under the Kiev government or rejoin Russia.

    There were no strings attached, and the invitation was sent to the HQ of the OSCE in Vienna. Then there was a pause during which the matter was considered in who knows what halls of power. And the OSCE conjured up an intriguing excuse for refusing to assess conduct of the plebiscite.

    As Reuters reported, “a spokeswoman said Crimea could not invite observers as the region was not a full-fledged state and therefore not a member of the 57-member organization. ‘As far as we know, Crimea is not a participating state of the OSCE, so it would be sort of hard for them to invite us,’ she said.

    She also said that Ukraine, which is an OSCE member, sent no invitation and that the organization ‘respects the full territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine’.” You couldn’t make it up.

    The feelings and aspirations of Crimea’s citizens didn’t matter to the OSCE or to the West as a whole. The West wanted, and still wants, Ukraine to rule Crimea, and seems determined to pester and sanction Russia accordingly. But nobody can seriously imagine for one moment that Russia is going to hand over Crimea to the Kiev government. So what is the answer?

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